In this country we do not give a death sentence, but for everyone who has taken their life in prison that is exactly what they got.

 - Mark Saunders, whose son Dean died in HMP Chelmsford in 2016

Below is a breakdown of deaths in prison in England and Wales by calendar year (January-December) since 2010. These figures do not include deaths in immigration removal centres (IRCs) and immigration detention centres, but do include deaths of people held in prisons as immigration detainees and those being transported by or in the custody of prisoner escort services.

See also: Deaths in women’s prisons

INQUEST also monitors the deaths of children and young people and black and minority ethnic people in prison. We are currently in the process of reviewing and updating our statistics on these pages. If you require this information please get in touch with us.

For further information and resources visit our campaign pages:

Prisons        Women's prisons        Now or never! Legal aid for inquests


Deaths in prison in England & wales 2010-2019


The latest statistics released by the Ministry of Justice in January 2020 show that there are four self-inflicted deaths in prison every week. The Ministry of Justice report that in the 12 months to September 2019, self-harm incidents reached a new record high of 61,461 incidents, up 16% from the previous 12 months. This is more than double the number of self-harm incidents than in the same period in 2014 (24,748).

In January 2020, INQUEST published a report on the deaths of people in prison. 

The evidence presented in Deaths in prison: a national scandal, is gathered from our casework and monitoring of inquests, providing a unique insight into the harms and dangers of imprisonment.

Containing case studies and original analysis of jury findings and coroners’ reports, it reveals the repeated and systemic failings documented at inquests across a two-year period.

VIEW REPORT


Total deaths in prison custody by apparent cause, England and Wales 2010-2020
Year Self-inflicted Non self-inflicted Awaiting classification Total
2020 27 84 12 123*
2019 84 176** 41 301
2018 92 195 38 325
2017 71 213 9 293
2016 124 227 3 354
2015 89 167 0 256
2014 89 153 0 242
2013 76 139 0 215
2012 61 131 0 192
2011 58 134 0 192
2010 58 140 0 198
Totals  829 1759 103 2691

* Figures for the current calendar year may be incomplete as they are based on INQUEST's casework and monitoring. The data for previous calendar years are derived from official sources. For data going back to 1978, visit the Ministry of Justice website (see Table: Deaths in prison custody 1978-2019).

** In September 2019, a newborn baby died in HMP Bronzefield. The Ministry of Justice do not routinely collect or publish data on miscarriages, stillbirths and neo-natal deaths so the number of deaths of babies to imprisoned mothers may be higher.

Source: INQUEST casework and monitoring

Figures last updated 28 May 2020.